Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Monuments of Khajuraho Temple

The  famous temples in India but different  from other temples teaches about kama with architecture Khajuraho Monuments in Khajuraho, a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres (385 mi) southeast of New Delhi, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.t Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculptures.
It has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is considered to be one of the "seven wonders" of India. 
The Khajuraho temples contain some sexual or erotic art outside the temple or near the deities. Also, some of the temples that have two layers of walls have small erotic carvings on the outside of the inner wall. There are many interpretations of the erotic carvings. 







It has been suggested that these suggest tantric sexual practices. Meanwhile, the external curvature and carvings of the temples depict humans, human bodies, and the changes that occur in bodies, as well as facts of life. Some 10% of the carvings contain sexual themes; those reportedly do not show deities: They show sexual activities between people. The rest depict the everyday life of the common Indian when the carvings were made and activities of other beings.

 he Khajuraho temple complex offers a professional light and sound show every evening. The first show is in English language and the second one in Hindi.[10] The show is about an hour long and covers the history, philosophy and the art of sculpting of these temples. It is held in the open lawns in the temple complex.

The Khajuraho Dance Festival, held every year in the first week of February (1st to 7th), is an opportunity for visitors to experience various classical Indian dances set against the backdrop of the Chitragupta or Vishwanath Temples.

 When India gained independence from Britain in 1947 the landscape setting was semi-desert and scrub. The archaeological park now has something of the character of a public park, with mowed grass, rose beds and ornamental trees.
The  landscape of Khajuraho and the original relationship between the temple complex and the surrounding area. There are no records of what the original landscape might have been, but it is known that a large community of priests used the temple complex and that Indian gardens in the tenth century were predominantly tree gardens. They did not have lawns or herbaceous flowering plants.

Thursday, June 28, 2012

Meanakshi Sundarewarar Temple


Meanakshi Sundarewarar Temple:

 
 It is the  temple which has a life years about 2500 years old historic  architecture in southindia. It is located in tamiladu in Madurai city and the temple in the south side of vaigai river. The temple which have more special in four gopurams which gives the way of entrance to the temple. The Four gopurams as north, south, west and east  is a gateway towers  to the temple at a height of 51.9 metres as accurately  170feet. There are many  temple in Madurai  but this meenakshi  temple attracts with 33,000 sculptures  mainly the  temple mentioned the siginificant of tamil literature ,tamil culture for the tamil people.
Meanakshi Sundarewarar Temple  is  a Hindu temple but the every people can visit the temple inside they allows the all religion to visit for praying and special poojas, abishegam, Meenakshi  is the parvathi is the wife of Lord Shiva and the Shiva is named here as the Sundareswarar by this way the people called as the Meenakshi Sundarewarar temple or Tiru-alavai.

The  Meenakshi temple is a one of the great wonders in the world (UNESCO)world heritage site is proved with the temple scrupltures and architecture. Many  countries visitors like to  travel tours india mainly in Madurai to visit of the Madurai temple  and its buildings . In Tamilnadu  this temple has four gopurams is a gateway to the temple. These gopurams  attracts the visitors. If the people go in the north gopuram they return back by the south gopuram or anyother but they will people think as north gopuram but it will be different. The structure of four gopurams as same type cannot find the difference of four gopurams. In the world the visitors increase in the Madurai temple nearly 15,000 per day if on Friday it will be high around 25,000. Because the Friday is good day to visit the temple and will do special poojas for meenakshi and sundereswarar  temple.




 Both the Sundareswarar and Meenakshi  shrines have the gold plated vimanam at the top of the  tower as over sanctum.The temple of Sundareswarar is cover the one fourth and the Meenakshi is one fourth that of sundareswarar god. Before praying the any god like lord shiva,lord murga ,amman,ventashwarer, etc, located outside the Sundareswarar god in the path of the Meenaskhi god  one single stone  had sculpture of GANESH  the people called as MUKKURNI VINAYAGAR. In this world the many people attracts temple and have a India luxury tour to visit all these temple.
Pillars:
 The temple which has morecorridors ,pillars,halls,mandapam and mostly describes with worship and festivals of this temple. One of the corridor  which surrounds the Meenakshi  god which we called as the Kilikoondu Mandapam because the green parrots that sat on the shoulder of  meenakshi god also called as the parrot cage corridor.
The hall of temple tree which has many sculptures of shiva carved it contains about the indication of the “marriage of Meenakshi” the corridor of hall called as ” Kambatadi mandapam”.
Hall of  100 Pillars called as “Meenakshi Nayakkar  Mandapam” which has the two pillars carved that one pillar indication of the body of lion and another pillar indicates the head of the elephant. It symbolic representation tamil literature with courageous ,boldness of the tamil people.
Hall of 1000 Pillars called as “Aayiram Kaal Mandapam” which has the carved pillars constructed by the Ariyanatha Mudaliar  and each  pillar in the hall as the monument of the Dravidian Sculpture. In this pillar which has describes each pillar has special things when struck it produces a different musical sound for each pillar it is great miracle in this temple.

The new hall which was constructed by the Tirumala nayak  called as the Puthu Mandapam that have a many sculptures in the new hall located opposite to the east gopurams of the temple.
The hall of  eight goddess is called as the Ashta Shakthi Mandapam which refers the Ashta  as symbolic of eight and the Shakthi indicates of god it is situated as the first hall of the Meenakshi shrine entrance and Shakthi carved pillars.
There are many paintings and sculptures called the Hall of Pandavas about the Pancha Pandavas ,Mahabharatam, etc called the Pancha pandava mandapam and the  paintings ,sculptures of the Tiruvilayadal.

 The mudali pillai mandapam or Iruttu Mandapam or Dark hall is constructed by the Muthu pillai .In this pillars have  describing the story of Shiva. In any countries these pillars have with their literature never possible these constructed in the ancient years ago take a travel to india and never forget to visit these places and pillars.
In a temple which has a huge hall and the corridors  which have celebrating as the marriage hall for the shivaand parvati  have  the marriage as every year  during  the Chithirai festival.

SCULPTURES OF THE GOPURAMS PICTURES:








                                                   TOP OF THE GOPURAMS IN TEMPLE





  FOUR GOPURAMS:

Monday, June 11, 2012

QUTUB MINAR


Qutub Minar  or  Qutb Minar  is located in the New Delhi in India. It is  a UNESCO World Heritage  Site  in India.  (UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL  AND SCIENTIFIC  CULTURAL  ORGANISATION) is an abbreviation of  UNESCO

 The Qutb Minar was constructed by the Qutb-ud-din-Aibak in 1192 with red sandstone marbles and the construction was completely by the Iltutmish. It contains 379 stairs to reach the top of Qutub tower and stands as tallest minaret in India. It has a height of 72.5 meters  as 237.8 ft from the ground level. It  diameter of base of Qutub Minar  is 14.3 meters  and the top of the tower has diameter base 2.7 meters. 

                   
   Qutb-ud-din-aibak destroyed  27 Hindu and Jain temples and rebuilted the Qutub Minar and Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque  was builted according to a Persian methods  and is surrounded by several ancient ,medieval structures and ruins.
Qutub Minar is the second highest tower in India. It is blue and buff sandstone . The Minar is supported by stone brackets which are decorated with honeycomb designs. The minaret  is made of fluted red sandstone covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Quran. The history of Qutb Minar mainly depends on the numerous inscriptions in Parso-Arabic and Nagari characters.
                                      
  Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque , is located in the northeast of Minar was built by Delhi sultans  Qutbu’d-Din Aibak in 1198AD. After the years ago the mosque was came under the control of Shams ud  Din Iltutmish  in the years between 1210-1235AD. The Qutub Minar  has several features as  cylindrical shafts and superposed flanged  separated by balconies carried by the Muqarnas corbels.
                                              The  travel to india which posses many architectures  which was builted in ancient years nearly 1000years ago. With  these architectures india  stands as tourist country all over the world, Indain tourism helps the  visitors of all the countries with the guide to visit all the places in india.

Friday, January 27, 2012

GOLDEN TEMPLE


GOLDEN TEMPLE:

In the Incredible India ,many historical scared buildings which was built by many emperors ,king, etc who was ruling in India. More architecture  in India  was builted in ancient times. In the seven wonders in the world. Taj Mahal is first place for architectures.
By the way Golden temple also  most memorable  to the people. 

                The temple or gurdwara  is a major pilgrimage destination for Sikhs from all over the world.The temple located in Amritsar in the state of Punjab is the holiest shrine in Sikhism. , it was officially renamed Harmandir Sahib in March 2005. construction of Golden temple started in  1574 by the mughal emperor AKBAR king. The building project was overseen by the fourth and fifth Sikh Gurus and the temple was completed in 1601.
                                                     
In the early 19th century, the supply 100 kg of gold were applied to the inverted lotus-shaped dome and decorative marble was added. All this gold and marble work took place under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The  donors of  money  and material for this temple which was came from  sikh community and the Punjab people.