Friday, October 3, 2014

AJANTA CAVES:
           The Ajanta caves  is one of the buddhist cave monuments located in the state of Maharastra near Jalgon  about 59 kilometres from Jalgon railway station.
Ajanta cave monuments  have been awarded  UNESCO World Heritage site for the ancient century  480 or 650 CE paintings and sculptures.It mainly describes  Buddhist  religious art and depictions of the jataka tales.These monuments are protected by the Archaeological Survery of India.

                These cave monuments  teaches  a life  for  living,education and worship,specifi for   Monks.Many Monks had finished their first training will return to Ajanta cave  for a itinerant lifestyle during the monsoon season.The caves has constructed  with two period as Satavahana (first) and vakataka(second).
      The first period of Satayahana  which  called Hinayan Phase or Lesser Vehicle tradition  it  based from traditional terminlogy of Buddhism was dominant and Buddhism is now deprecated by historians,The Satavahan period caves lacked sculpture,emphasis of stupa. Other second period namely called Mahayana which do not yet show characteristic of that Buddhist art and mainly represent of the Buddha alone.Generally  the second phase  of the Vakataka dynasty  by the ruling  of Emperor Harishena  has  criticized by some scholars. Mahayana or Greater vehicle phase   tend to avoid the scholars for  understanding of  Mahayana.
                  

                         

Saturday, February 22, 2014





BRIHADEESWARA TEMPLE

Peruvudaiyar Kovil is another name of the Brihadeeswara temple. And also known as the Raja Rajeswara Temple and Rajarajeswaram. The temple is belongs to the hindu region located in the state of tamilnadu in India at Thanjavur district.


 Name                            :  Brihadeeswara temple
 Deity                             :  Lord siva
 Festival                         : Maha  Shivaratri
 Architecture stylish      : Dravidian Architecture
 Age of temple               : Above 1000years
 Date of built                 : 11th century AD
Country                          : India
State                               : Tamilnadu
District                           : Thanjavur
Properitor                      : Raja Raja Chola I


TEMPLE COMPLEX:
  The temple is dedicated to the Lord Shiva  talk about the architecture styles in 11th century  art of the Tamil architecture work achieved by the Cholas.
                The temple have different structures  in the buildings  the stands amidst fortified walls that was created in the 16th century .It is also  part of UNESCO World Heritage Site.







CONSTRUCTION:
                                   The entire temple is made up of granite inside the temple and the largest temple in India. Kumbam  is tamil name (Kalasha or Chikharam) at the top of the temple is made up of single stone and the weight of the single stone is nearly 80 tons . The 80 tons stone  is moved to the top  with the help of Elephants. Raja Raja chola I  emperor he used the 1000 Elephants for  building this temple.
                   The  temple  was  built per ancient texts popularly call as Vaastu Shastras and Agamas. At  ancient days the great architecture kunjara Mallan Raja Raja  Perunthachan as stated inscriptions of the temple. It was built  to grace the throne of the chola Empire. The building of the temple with measure of 1 3/8 inch as angular as equal to (24 units equaling 33 inches )called as Hasta,Muzam and Kishku. It is the first largest and greatest foundations laid by the tamil  Raja Raja Chola I (ARULMOZHIVARMAN).