The Ajanta caves is one of the buddhist cave monuments located in the state of Maharastra near Jalgon about 59 kilometres from Jalgon railway station.
Ajanta cave monuments have been awarded UNESCO World Heritage site for the ancient century 480 or 650 CE paintings and sculptures.It mainly describes Buddhist religious art and depictions of the jataka tales.These monuments are protected by the Archaeological Survery of India.
These cave monuments teaches a life for living,education and worship,specifi for Monks.Many Monks had finished their first training will return to Ajanta cave for a itinerant lifestyle during the monsoon season.The caves has constructed with two period as Satavahana (first) and vakataka(second).
The first period of Satayahana which called Hinayan Phase or Lesser Vehicle tradition it based from traditional terminlogy of Buddhism was dominant and Buddhism is now deprecated by historians,The Satavahan period caves lacked sculpture,emphasis of stupa. Other second period namely called Mahayana which do not yet show characteristic of that Buddhist art and mainly represent of the Buddha alone.Generally the second phase of the Vakataka dynasty by the ruling of Emperor Harishena has criticized by some scholars. Mahayana or Greater vehicle phase tend to avoid the scholars for understanding of Mahayana.