Friday, October 3, 2014

           The Ajanta caves  is one of the buddhist cave monuments located in the state of Maharastra near Jalgon  about 59 kilometres from Jalgon railway station.
Ajanta cave monuments  have been awarded  UNESCO World Heritage site for the ancient century  480 or 650 CE paintings and sculptures.It mainly describes  Buddhist  religious art and depictions of the jataka tales.These monuments are protected by the Archaeological Survery of India.

                These cave monuments  teaches  a life  for  living,education and worship,specifi for   Monks.Many Monks had finished their first training will return to Ajanta cave  for a itinerant lifestyle during the monsoon season.The caves has constructed  with two period as Satavahana (first) and vakataka(second).
      The first period of Satayahana  which  called Hinayan Phase or Lesser Vehicle tradition  it  based from traditional terminlogy of Buddhism was dominant and Buddhism is now deprecated by historians,The Satavahan period caves lacked sculpture,emphasis of stupa. Other second period namely called Mahayana which do not yet show characteristic of that Buddhist art and mainly represent of the Buddha alone.Generally  the second phase  of the Vakataka dynasty  by the ruling  of Emperor Harishena  has  criticized by some scholars. Mahayana or Greater vehicle phase   tend to avoid the scholars for  understanding of  Mahayana.