Thursday, January 7, 2016

PADMANABHASWAMY TEMPLE

PADMANABHASWAMY TEMPLE

HISTORY
In India most of the architectures are built by Dravidian style at same way one of the style which built in Kerala. This temple  is located in Thiruvananthapuram  district  in Kerala state. It is one of  the golden temple we can say because lot of kg of gold is available in this temple. The  name of Padmanabhadasa  which denotes the god of  Lord Padmanabha. At same time ,who goes for praying inside the temple devotees strictly follow the dress code





The Temple has been referred to in the Sangam Period of Tamil literature between 500 B.C and 300 A.D several times. Many conventional historians and scholars are of the opinion that one of the names that the Temple had - "The Golden Temple" - literally was in cognizance of the fact that the Temple was already unimaginably wealthy by that point. Many extant pieces of Sangam Tamil literature and poetry.

STUCTURES OF TEMPLE

The foundation of the present gopuram was laid in 1566.The temple has a 100-foot seven-tier gopuram made in the Pandyan style. The temple stands by the side of a tank, named Padma Theertham(meaning the lotus spring). The temple has a corridor with 365 and one-quarter sculptured granite-stone pillars with elaborate carvings which stands out to be an ultimate testimonial for the Vishwakarma sthapathis in sculpting this architectural masterpiece. This corridor extends from the eastern side into the sanctum sanctorum.
An eighty-foot flag-staff stands in front of the main entry from the Prakaram (closed precincts of a temple). The ground floor under the gopuram (main entrance in the eastern side) is known as the 'Nataka Sala' where the famous temple art Kathakali was staged in the night during the ten-day uthsavam(festival) conducted twice a year, during the Malayalam months of Meenam and Thulam.



There are many festivals related to this temple. The major festivals are bi-annual. The Alpashy festival which is in October/November and the Panguni festival which is in Tamil month Panguni, March/April, lasts for 10 days each.
 On the ninth day the Maharajah of Travancore, in his capacity as Thrippappoor Mooppan, escorts the deities to the vettakkalam for Pallivetta. Centuries back, the Pallivetta procession was said to pass through Kaithamukku, Kuthiravattom (Kunnumpuram), Pazhaya Sreekanteswaram and Putharikkandam. The festivals culminate with the Aarat (holy bath) procession to the Shankumugham Beach.This event takes place in the evening. The Maharajah of Travancore escorts the Aarat procession on foot.








Utsava Vigrahas

The festival idols "Utsava Vigrahas" of Padmanabhaswamy, Narasimha Moorthi and Krishna Swami are given a ritual bath in the sea, after the prescribed pujas. After this ceremony, the idols are taken back to the temple in a procession that is lit by traditional torches, marking the conclusion of the festival
Naduvil Madhom is the most important as Vilvamangalathu Swamiyar, the founder of this Temple, belonged to this monastery. Initially, Koopakkara Potties were the Tantries of the Temple.







Tantram 


Tantram was transferred to Tharananallur Nambuthiripads of Iranjalakkuda. The Nambies, altogether four in number, are the Chief Priests of the Temple. Two Nambies - Periya Nambi and Panchagavyathu Nambi - are allotted to Padmanabha and one Nambi each to Narasimha Moorthi and Krishna Swami.